Article Details

OPTIMIZATION OF α-AMYLASE SYNTHESIS BY BACILLUS VELEZENSIS USING TAGUCHI EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN

Sasidhar Bhimanaa * and Saravanan Ravindranb

a Department of Pharmacy, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai - 600 073, Tamil Nadu, India

b Department of Pharmaceutics, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai - 600 073, Tamil Nadu, India

For Correspondence: E-mail: bhimanasasidhar@gmail.com

 

https://doi.org/10.53879/id.61.05.14259


ABSTRACT

This research employs the Taguchi experimental design to optimize the production of α-amylase, a versatile enzyme with diverse industrial applications, using Bacillus velezensis. Thirteen key parameters, including pH, temperature, agitation, inoculum size, aeration and various carbon and nitrogen sources, were systematically investigated using the Taguchi L27 (313) orthogonal array. Initial screening of six seed media formulations identified SM6 (0.5% peptone, 0.5% yeast extract, 0.1% K2 HPO4 ) as the optimal medium, producing 2.8 U mL-1 of α-amylase. Further optimization under the Taguchi framework yielded a maximum α-amylase activity of 1097.31 U mL-1 and total protein of 1230 mg mL-1 at pH 5, 34°C, 4% moong husk as carbon source, and 2% soybean cake as nitrogen source. Two-factor interaction analysis revealed that a temperature of 34°C with 2% soybean cake, and 4% moong husk with 2% soybean cake, provided the best results. Validation experiments confirmed a 31.2% enhancement in α-amylase production under the optimized conditions. This study highlights the efficacy of the Taguchi design in systematically optimizing complex bioprocesses, paving the way for improved α-amylase synthesis with B. velezensis.

Year 2024 | Volume No. 61 | Issue No.5 | Page No. 32-44
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